Glutamine is one of the twenty amino acids. Amino acids are building blocks of proteins.
Amino acids are of two types viz. essential and non-essential. The essential amino acids are those which human body can’t synthesize and we have to take these from another source in our food.
But non-essential amino acids in contrast can be synthesized in human body. Glutamine is a special type of amino acid. It is actually non-essential amino acid because our body can synthesize it in limited quantity. But during increased physical load, disease and stress (strenuous exercise, sickness etc) our body needs increased amount of this amino acids and it becomes essential and we need to take it from an outside source in our diet. It is the reason why glutamine is important for our body.
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What is L-glutamine?
Anti-aging effects of Glutamine
Glutamine is well known for its anti-aging effects. It prevents infections, detoxifies toxins, maintains muscle mass, increases the level of growth hormone, boosts up the immune system and has anti-catabolic effects. It also helps in synthesis of nucleotides and glucose. It also reduces craving for alcohol, thus used in treatment of alcoholism.
- Glutamine and detoxification. Glutamine is produced and consumed in liver. It is involved in synthesis of antioxidants and thus plays a key role in many processes like detoxification and drug metabolism. It is involved in conversion of ammonia to urea in our body (ammonia is the byproduct of protein metabolism and very toxic for the body). It protects the body from toxins and adverse effects of stress encountered during training. Moreover, glutamine has a beneficial effect on the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract as the cells of gut use it as an important metabolic fuel.
- Glutamine and the muscle mass (esp. in athletes). Glutamine is essential for normal protein synthesis in muscle. Glutamine (and other amino acids) is a structural component of muscle tissue, i.e. without a high concentration of glutamine in muscle, the growth of a muscle is impossible. In fact, 60% of amino acids in human muscle protein in glutamine.
- Glutamine and growth hormone.Glutamine increases the level of growth hormone in the blood. Growth hormone is the principal hormone of the pituitary and the most important factor involved in building the muscle mass. The main function of the growth hormone in the field of sports is the development and maintenance of lean muscle tissue while burning body fat. In fact, 2 g of the additive glutamine intake can raise growth hormone levels more than 400%
- Glutamine and fat loss. Although we don’t have much scientific evidence supporting this, the relationship between glutamine and lipolysis is obvious. The studies show that glutamine supplementation with high fat diet leads to a reduction of body fat.
- Glutamine and concentration ability (ability to focus). Some of plasma glutamine in the brain is converted into glutamic acid which serves as a fuel in brain. It has the ability to absorb excess ammonia. As a result of the removal of the poison, neurons function in a better way and concentration ability is enhanced improving the long-term and short-term memory.
Glutamine increases the production of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) which has a calming effect of promoting the concentration, especially under stress and hardship.
- Glutamine and the immune system. The studies have showed a possibility of reduction in the upper respiratory tract infections with additional glutamine intake. In fact, glutamine has shown improvement in immunity even in patients with AIDS. It produces glutathione which is a powerful anti-oxidant and kills infectious agents.
You may take glutamine supplementations if you’re seeking the many anti aging benefits it offers. Take L-Glutamine can be especially important for athletes and men and women over 30 years old. There are certain disease in which its supplementation is especially important for treating and preventing, these are,
- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Peptic ulcer
- Ulcerative colitis
- Autoimmune conditions
- Reduction of intellectual functions
- The postoperative period
How do I take glutamine?
The correct dosage for an adult human should be up to 20 grams/day. More precise dosage depends upon your diet, general physical condition, the intensity and frequency of your exercise.
Taking a supplement system like GenF20 Plus will provide you with the correct formulation of many key amino acids including L-glutamine to help you look and feel young again.
- Renal failure
Animal sources: beef, chicken, fish, eggs, milk, yogurt, cottage cheese, dairy products
Plant sources: cabbage, beets, beans, spinach, parsley. A small amount of free glutamine is found in vegetable juices and fermented foods.